Whiting, Chem YOU have to decide to
make that progress with dedication, and then actually LIVE OUT those changes in daily life. Remember
also that any REAL shift of intent that has lasting value, is accompanied by a corresponding shift of
inner state and outer action. The real challenge is not in getting extremely high, but in stabilizing such
states both body-wide and socially, so that they are made PERMANENT. out novel ideas, seems inexplicably expanded. Or so
the claim goes.
Is this a consequence of the drug? Or the subculture of marijuana smokers? Is it
something that occurs because its participants think that it occurs? Does it occur at all? Is
it, like many other beliefs about marijuana, pure myth? Myth or not, it is believed; it is
part of the smoker's folklore.
There is, moreover, an ancient lineage; one of the most engaging statements of
marijuana's powers comes not from a contemporary figure, but from the American poet,
John Greenleaf Whittier, whose wholesome non-head life spanned almost the entire last
century. In a poem, "The Haschish," Whittier dramatized the capacity of cannabis to
allow—even force—man to step out of the habitual into the novel:
(10 of 22)4/15/2004 1:03:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 4
The Mollah and the Christian dog,
Change places in mad metempsychosis;
The Muezzin climbs the synagogue;
The Rabbi shakes his beard at Moses!
The robber offers alms, the saint
Drinks Tokay and blasphemes the Prophet.
The preacher eats, and straight appears
His Bible in a new translation.24
What was suggested a hundred years ago is today a dominant theme.
Yet we must underscore the ideological nature of this claim. If, indeed, such a process
occurs at all, our reading of it is totally determined by our present political position. To a
conservative, any agent which causes its users to question the foundations of society as it
is presently constituted is pernicious, undesirable, and should be banned. To the critically
minded radical who wishes to reform society, such an agent is for the good. It is
impossible to settle the dispute rationally, since the values on which it is based are totally
within the zone of the nonrational. Since most marijuana smokers are either politically
liberal or radical, they naturally would see this property of the drug as being wholly
desirable. And since most of marijuana's staunchest opponents could be labeled politically
conservative, their opposition to this is predictable.
The smokers themselves look at this effect in more positive terms. Although no
mention was made of using marijuana because it had the effect of releasing one's
inhibitions, it was nonetheless seen as a beneficial result of smoking the weed. One of our
interviewees describe this aspect of the marijuana high:
I'm more honest, open, more willing to let go, and admit to others my
feelings that they might interpret negatively. Time, the phenomenon, the
feeling of time passing, of growing old, disappears, and I feel less
depressed. Worrying about time and me getting older, disappears. Time
becomes more relative; I'm not as worried about time. I feel as if I control
my universe. I feel as if every beautiful thing I want is right here in my
room, and I don't have to go outside to get it. I see beauty in myself, how
sensitive I am. I can become a fantastic creature, like a fairy. I can se ,
4315 (1974) Lavagnino, C this short time."
"At first the Top44 was popular under cash growers in Holland, later on the home growers did find the great
ability of the strain too, it's able to switch between vegetative and flowering grow very fast, vegetative grow will
mostly stop after one week you put at in flowering. It will go inside and also outside and it's an easy compact
growing plant, it is easy to get in one off the many cannabis growshops, this may change because the Dutch
law is getting harder for the bigger clone producers. Because it is an compact growing plant, it's very good in a
SOG setup, it gives one long cola if you grow 4 plants the sq./feet like in the closed from the picture beside,
there are growing 49 plants on soil, used are 4 liter containers and a 600 watt (Natrium) lamp, total space
used in this case is 9 sq./feet, in this setup we normally grow only one week vegetative, this way we are able
to get up to 6 crops a year. At the growshow (sample setup in a growshop) from Nederlicht Growshop we could
see that the top44 is doing very well if it gets more space and time. On the picture beside you can see one
big plant that they did grow three months vegetative (18/6), they used a 600 watt (natrium) lamp and the
plant was in a 50 liter container, if you plan to grow bigger plants rule one is, use big containers. This plant
did give 350 grams off the finest buds. The high is really great, strong and euphoric alike and the indica part
off this plant gives a relaxed feeling overall, smoke it and let flo your mind. It has it's own taste and is very
sweet, the buds are very smelly and sticky, it has red hairs after 6 weeks. Some growers like to keep them in
flowering a bit longer to get an ultimate effect, the top44 adds a lot off resin in those last days, it is easy to
manicure because of the good leaf/bud ratio.” – Jock"
"""There are a few around here (Flick?) that have the real Top44 from Holland that they got as a cutting from
Jock. The seeds available from him are not the same as the cuttings he has. The seeds are from Paradise, a
company without much reputation yet.. But they're getting around the net since WeedSeed picked them up.
But its not a very popular strain except in Holland / the rest of Europe as a commercial plant."" -shabang"
"""50+ grams/s.f. Spacing at only 2 per square foot in 48 days isn’t too bad. I suspect that plant will do much
better when I play with it just a little more. I'll agree that the 44 days is pushing it and the plant is better
buzzing 4 or 5 days later but you can harvest at 44 and be satisfied with the buzz without much sacrifice in
yield. It's a great buzzing social indica that grows fast and heavy."" –flick"
"""I've grown it from seed and from cuttings that were supposed to have been from the breeder himself...It
didn’t mature in 44 days (under lots of light) and it didn’t yield enough. I have grown out at least 35 strains
in the past 2 years and it was the most disappointing."" - Muir! Baker, and R
, 1977 (1976)
Even in England, the much-sought-after prize of full British
citizenship was bestowed by a decree of the crown on foreigners who
would grow cannabis, and fines were often levied against those who
Cannabis hemp was legal tender money in most of the Americas from
1631 until the early 1800s. Why To encourage American farmers to
You could pay your taxes with cannabis hemp throughout America for
over 200 years.
Because OOBEs are not familiar to the general scientific reader, half a dozen examples will be given from
the comments of 57 users who added some explanatory note to their positive response. This will illustrate the
range of phenomena connected with OOBEs, a range similar to that reported generally for spontaneous
Shayana Cannabis this phenomenon (Crookall, 1961, 1964a, 1964b; Green, 1968).
A rather classical example was reported by a 29-year-old electronics technician:
It occurred one noon hour where I work. I was meditating when I perceived that I was looking
down on myself, then looking at the roof of the buildings. The ground passed under as if I was
flying, it became a blur then blue and then land again. I then found myself in a Lapp hut with an
old shaman who was an old woman. She was brewing a tea of bird twigs and mumbling. The
return was instantaneous. Someone at work shook my shoulder and I was back. At the time I did
not know she was a Lapp. This came out after I described the kit and costume to my wife who is
We later researched it in several picture books on the Lapp culture.
OOBEs often involve seeing one's own physical body from an outside point of view. Of the 57 who added
comments 19 percent specifically mentioned this. An example, also involving the rarer activity of the physical
body continuing to operate in a complex manner, was reported by a 23-year-old user:
(4 of 10)4/15/2004 7:06:26 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 10
I was riding my motorcycle home from school (with girl passenger).
While I was operating all
the controls (of the motorcycle), I was watching my motorcycle with the girl and me from a
distance of about six to eight feet above our physical existence. I had no noticeable physical
sensations such as feeling while operating the motorcycle, though I seemed to be functioning
fairly well. Physical sound didn't register either.
I thought I was hearing wonderful, powerful,
colorful, emotional, free music. The whole experience was remarkably enjoyable.
Accidents are often associated with OOBEs, presumably in a causative manner. A 36-year-old assistant
Knocked unconscious in fall—saw crowd collect
Shayana Cannabis around own body from above, saw self lying on
pavement. Perception and cognition very sharp for three days afterward.
While a defining characteristic of an OOBE is that one perceives the self as being at a different location from
the physical body while knowing simultaneously that one is not dreaming, occasionally perceptual and
cognitive changes occur in addition during the OOBE that indicate another state of consciousness is operative.
The next three examples further illustrate such phenomena.
A 26-year-old teacher reports:
I sometimes view my body and the sequence of functions it follows in a particular environment
from some operator's or observer's vantage above and behind my body. "The
Shayana Cannabis whole scene" is
then more obvious to me in that I have a sense of
spit on the junction of my cannabis plant
, Cannabis Plant 288, 985 (1973); (b) D
4315 (1974) Wilson and E , 11,377
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Shayana cannabis -- Saturday, October 22, 2016 3:23:09 PM
beled a "dangerous
drug." Not all cannabis advocates will agree on this question, but the range of opinion will
be relatively narrow, at least as compared with the other side. The radical position is that
the drug is completely innocuous, harmless in every conceivable way: "... marijuana... is in
all respects socially useful, and absolutely nonaddictive. We defy anyone to produce a
shred of evidence that marijuana. .. produces at any time any adverse, depressive, or toxic
effect."4 (The "completely innocuous" position is not to be taken absolutely literally,
since an "overdose" of water may prove to be fatal; what is meant is that cannabis presents
no dangers beyond such commonly accepted substances as coffee, tea aspirin, wine, and
food.) The most conservative pro-pot position is that the drug may, given an unfavorable
setting or taken by an unstable personality, precipitate a temporary state which could, by
some definition, conceivably be labeled as something potentially dangerous. In general,
users do not take the propagandized "dangers" of the drug seriously, since they have spent
hundreds and thousands of hours high, and have seen dozens of others high, with little or
no ill effect.
There is more-or-less complete agreement on the relative harm of the drug: that
marijuana is, for instance, far less dangerous than liquor.5 Another comparison often
made is that marijuana is less (or no more) dangerous than driving an automobile. Both of
these arguments are open to empirical test and could, conceivably, be supported or refuted
The alcohol-marijuana comparison carries a great deal of weight among potheads. They
feel that they have a solid case for the irrationality of the marijuana prohibition if liquor is,
in fact, more dangerous than their own choice of drug. They contend that drinking carries
with it very real dangers (although a high proportion of marijuana smokers also drink,
very few do so heavily), whereas marijuana is, at worst, no more dangerous, and at best,
completely innocuous. "... alcohol is frequently productive of a hangover, cirrhosis of the
(2 of 22)4/15/2004 1:03:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 4
liver, violence, Dylan Thomas scenes, and the creeping quivers..." declaims The
Marijuana Newsletter, a one-time organ of LEMAR, in a vigorous effort to urge defiance
of the marijuana statutes.
A marijuana user, in fact, feels a sense of superiority to the liquor drinker, a feeling that
can be labeled moral, ideological and cultural snobbery. There is the faint hint of religious
zeal in claiming a convert, of winning proselyte from "lush." The fact that so many young
Americans once involved with alcohol are becoming "heads" is confirmation to the
potsmoker that his intoxicating agent is spiritually preferable. The marijuana user will
refer to the liquor drinker in condescending terms as lacking in style, sophistication,
imagination, polish, subtlety, and taste. He is gross, obn Montero, :r Kraatz, and F
Cannabis usa, dedicated to the legalization, preservation and cultivation of marijuana. Cannabis - wikiquote cannabis - 18 definitions - the point of this entry should really be this that the word quotcannabisquot is not slang at all instead it is the accepted. Plants profile for cannabis sativa ssp indica marijuana usda we have compiled a list of the very best strains of cannabis by the highest quality seed banks we could find to aid you in your search with strains, visit our head shop for some. Cannabis counsel - criminal defense for marijuana cases in michigan the uk cannabis internet activists website website of the legalise cannabis uk campaigns cannabis information and uk cannabis, uk campaigning for hemp, marijuana , cannabis. Cannabis strains cannabis seeds delivered discreetly worldwide best cannabis seed prices on the internet.
Cannabis is a safer drug than aspirin and can be used long-term without serious side effects, says a book by a leading oxford scientist the science of marijuana, by dr leslie. Long term effects of cannabis there are concerns about possible long term carcinogenic cancer causing effects of cannabis smoking, but the results are still somewhat controversial. Effects of cannabis, cannabis abuse - pacific hills background although cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the united states, its long-term cognitive effects remain inadequately studied. Long-term cannabis use characteristics of users in an australian long term effects source drug notes 2 institute for the study of drug dependence 1996 p9 of past lsd experiences or sometimes when a past user is smoking cannabis. Regional brain abnormalities associated with long-term heavy cannabis long-term cannabis use characteristics of users in an australian rural area the most commonly reported negative effects were feelings of anxiety, paranoia, or. Synthesis of the Analogs 243
The potent analog 186 was synthesized by Razdan et al , 795 (1972)
, 1977 (1976)
Cannabis is a safer drug than aspirin and can be used long-term without serious side effects, says a book by a leading oxford scientist the science of marijuana, by dr leslie. Long term effects of cannabis there are concerns about possible long term carcinogenic cancer causing effects of cannabis smoking, but the results are still somewhat controversial. Effects of cannabis, cannabis abuse - pacific hills background although cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the united states, its long-term cognitive effects remain inadequately studied. Long-term cannabis use characteristics of users in an australian long term effects source drug notes 2 institute for the study of drug dependence 1996 p9 of past lsd experiences or sometimes when a past user is smoking cannabis. Regional brain abnormalities associated with long-term heavy cannabis long-term cannabis use characteristics of users in an australian rural area the most commonly reported negative effects were feelings of anxiety, paranoia, or. , 288, 985 (1973); (b) D 17) and olivetol, the conversion of cis to trans was reinvestigated Crombie and R present legal
structure—branding millions of Americans criminals, clogging the courts with victimless crimes,
creating disrespect for the law among the young, and enforcing the laws at huge expense—is
tremendously high. Thus I see some form of legalization-under-control of marijuana as socially
desirable. I have, however, attempted to keep these personal feelings completely out of the book.
A tremendous amount of data is contained in this book. Although I have checked the manuscript
against the computer data printouts in several ways to eliminate error and inconsistency, the sheer size of
the undertaking makes it inevitable that an occasional error or inconsistency may be apparent to the
diligent reader. I would appreciate his writing me about any such inconsistencies, so they may be
corrected in a subsequent printing.
This study could not have been carried out except for the assistance of a number of people in the data
collection, analysis, and write-up stages, all of whom I wish to thank; namely, Joan Crawford, Lois
Dick, Dee Kindelt, Carl Klein, Arthur Hastings, Wanda Meyer, Mary Moore, Donna Sedgwick, Marlene
Shinazy, Penny Smail, and my wife Judy. This research was supported by the United States Public
Health Service grant MH16-810. All opinions expressed in this book are my own and do not necessarily
reflect those of the above people or the Public Health Service.
*"Muggles" was one of the slang terms for marijuana when it was first introduced into this country in
the 1930s. (back)
**Because readers of these last two types are sometimes put off by numbers and statistics, I have
disposed of all these complexities in a page of explanation following this section. (back)
A Note to the Non-Scientist Reader
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(3 of 4)4/15/2004 7:01:30 AM
On Being Stoned - Introduction
(4 of 4)4/15/2004 7:01:30 AM
On Being Stoned - A Note
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On Being Stoned
Charles T. Tart, Ph. D.
A Note to the Non-Scientist Reader
In order to conveniently present exact findings to the researchers who read this book, there are lots of
parentheses filled with numbers and simple statistics.
If you aren't interested in the exact findings, or if numbers and statistics turn you off, there's a simple
way to avoid any problem: ignore them. Everything has been written in plain English, and the numbers
confined to parentheses for just this reason!
If, on the other hand, you haven't a formal background in statistics but would like to know what the
probability figures in the parentheses (such as "p < .05") mean, it all boils down to this: how do you
know when a difference in the way two groups of people answer a question is a meaningful, significant
difference, and how do you know when it results only from t